Astronomy 1st edition

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Andrew Fraknoi, David Morrison, Sidney C Wolff, et al.
Publisher: OpenStax

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  • Chapter 1: Science and the Universe: A Brief Tour
    • 1.1: The Nature of Astronomy
    • 1.2: The Nature of Science
    • 1.3: The Laws of Nature
    • 1.4: Numbers in Astronomy
    • 1.5: Consequences of Light Travel Time
    • 1.6: A Tour of the Universe
    • 1.7: The Universe on the Large Scale
    • 1.8: The Universe of the Very Small
    • 1.9: A Conclusion and a Beginning
    • 1: Exercises
    • 1: Quick Lessons
    • 1: Tutorials (2)
    • 1: Test Bank

  • Chapter 2: Observing the Sky: The Birth of Astronomy
    • 2.1: The Sky Above
    • 2.2: Ancient Astronomy
    • 2.3: Astrology and Astronomy
    • 2.4: The Birth of Modern Astronomy
    • 2: Exercises (34)
    • 2: Quick Lessons (1)
    • 2: Tutorials
    • 2: Test Bank

  • Chapter 3: Orbits and Gravity
    • 3.1: The Laws of Planetary Motion
    • 3.2: Newton's Great Synthesis
    • 3.3: Newton's Universal Law of Gravitation
    • 3.4: Orbits in the Solar System
    • 3.5: Motions of Satellites and Spacecraft
    • 3.6: Gravity with More Than Two Bodies
    • 3: Exercises (35)
    • 3: Quick Lessons (1)
    • 3: Tutorials (4)
    • 3: Test Bank

  • Chapter 4: Earth, Moon, and Sky
    • 4.1: Earth and Sky
    • 4.2: The Seasons
    • 4.3: Keeping Time
    • 4.4: The Calendar
    • 4.5: Phases and Motions of the Moon
    • 4.6: Ocean Tides and the Moon
    • 4.7: Eclipses of the Sun and Moon
    • 4: Exercises (47)
    • 4: Quick Lessons (1)
    • 4: Tutorials (2)
    • 4: Test Bank

  • Chapter 5: Radiation and Spectra
    • 5.1: The Behavior of Light
    • 5.2: The Electromagnetic Spectrum
    • 5.3: Spectroscopy in Astronomy
    • 5.4: The Structure of the Atom
    • 5.5: Formation of Spectral Lines
    • 5.6: The Doppler Effect
    • 5: Exercises (24)
    • 5: Quick Lessons (1)
    • 5: Tutorials (4)
    • 5: Test Bank

  • Chapter 6: Astronomical Instruments
    • 6.1: Telescopes
    • 6.2: Telescopes Today
    • 6.3: Visible-Light Detectors and Instruments
    • 6.4: Radio Telescopes
    • 6.5: Observations outside Earth's Atmosphere
    • 6.6: The Future of Large Telescopes
    • 6: Exercises (17)
    • 6: Quick Lessons (1)
    • 6: Tutorials (1)
    • 6: Test Bank

  • Chapter 7: Other Worlds: An Introduction to the Solar System
    • 7.1: Overview of Our Planetary System
    • 7.2: Composition and Structure of Planets
    • 7.3: Dating Planetary Surfaces
    • 7.4: Origin of the Solar System
    • 7: Exercises (17)
    • 7: Quick Lessons (1)
    • 7: Tutorials (1)
    • 7: Test Bank

  • Chapter 8: Earth as a Planet
    • 8.1: The Global Perspective
    • 8.2: Earth's Crust
    • 8.3: Earth's Atmosphere
    • 8.4: Life, Chemical Evolution, and Climate Change
    • 8.5: Cosmic Influences on the Evolution of Earth
    • 8: Exercises (17)
    • 8: Quick Lessons (1)
    • 8: Tutorials (1)
    • 8: Test Bank

  • Chapter 9: Cratered Worlds
    • 9.1: General Properties of the Moon
    • 9.2: The Lunar Surface
    • 9.3: Impact Craters
    • 9.4: The Origin of the Moon
    • 9.5: Mercury
    • 9: Exercises (18)
    • 9: Quick Lessons (1)
    • 9: Tutorials (2)
    • 9: Test Bank

  • Chapter 10: Earthlike Planets: Venus and Mars
    • 10.1: The Nearest Planets: An Overview
    • 10.2: The Geology of Venus
    • 10.3: The Massive Atmosphere of Venus
    • 10.4: The Geology of Mars
    • 10.5: Water and Life on Mars
    • 10.6: Divergent Planetary Evolution
    • 10: Exercises (15)
    • 10: Quick Lessons (2)
    • 10: Tutorials (2)
    • 10: Test Bank

  • Chapter 11: The Giant Planets
    • 11.1: Exploring the Outer Planets
    • 11.2: The Giant Planets
    • 11.3: Atmospheres of the Giant Planets
    • 11: Exercises (16)
    • 11: Quick Lessons (1)
    • 11: Tutorials (2)
    • 11: Test Bank

  • Chapter 12: Rings, Moons, and Pluto
    • 12.1: Ring and Moon Systems Introduced
    • 12.2: The Galilean Moons of Jupiter
    • 12.3: Titan and Triton
    • 12.4: Pluto and Charon
    • 12.5: Planetary Rings
    • 12: Exercises (13)
    • 12: Quick Lessons (2)
    • 12: Tutorials (2)
    • 12: Test Bank

  • Chapter 13: Comets and Asteroids: Debris of the Solar System
    • 13.1: Asteroids
    • 13.2: Asteroids and Planetary Defense
    • 13.3: The Long-Haired Comets
    • 13.4: The Origin and Fate of Comets and Related Objects
    • 13: Exercises (14)
    • 13: Quick Lessons (2)
    • 13: Tutorials (2)
    • 13: Test Bank

  • Chapter 14: Cosmic Samples and the Origin of the Solar System
    • 14.1: Meteors
    • 14.2: Meteorites: Stones from Heaven
    • 14.3: Formation of the Solar System
    • 14.4: Comparison with Other Planetary Systems
    • 14.5: Planetary Evolution
    • 14: Exercises (12)
    • 14: Quick Lessons
    • 14: Tutorials
    • 14: Test Bank

  • Chapter 15: The Sun: A Garden-Variety Star
    • 15.1: The Structure and Composition of the Sun
    • 15.2: The Solar Cycle
    • 15.3: Solar Activity above the Photosphere
    • 15.4: Space Weather
    • 15: Exercises (16)
    • 15: Quick Lessons (2)
    • 15: Tutorials
    • 15: Test Bank

  • Chapter 16: The Sun: A Nuclear Powerhouse
    • 16.1: Sources of Sunshine: Thermal and Gravitational Energy
    • 16.2: Mass, Energy, and the Theory of Relativity
    • 16.3: The Solar Interior: Theory
    • 16.4: The Solar Interior: Observations
    • 16: Exercises (18)
    • 16: Quick Lessons
    • 16: Tutorials (1)
    • 16: Test Bank

  • Chapter 17: Analyzing Starlight
    • 17.1: The Brightness of Stars
    • 17.2: Colors of Stars
    • 17.3: The Spectra of Stars (and Brown Dwarfs)
    • 17.4: Using Spectra to Measure Stellar Radius, Composition, and Motion
    • 17: Exercises (21)
    • 17: Quick Lessons
    • 17: Tutorials (4)
    • 17: Test Bank

  • Chapter 18: The Stars: A Celestial Census
    • 18.1: A Stellar Census
    • 18.2: Measuring Stellar Masses
    • 18.3: Diameters of Stars
    • 18.4: The H–R Diagram
    • 18: Exercises (26)
    • 18: Quick Lessons
    • 18: Tutorials (1)
    • 18: Test Bank

  • Chapter 19: Celestial Distances
    • 19.1: Fundamental Units of Distance
    • 19.2: Surveying the Stars
    • 19.3: Variable Stars: One Key to Cosmic Distances
    • 19.4: The H–R Diagram and Cosmic Distances
    • 19: Exercises (20)
    • 19: Quick Lessons (1)
    • 19: Tutorials (2)
    • 19: Test Bank

  • Chapter 20: Between the Stars: Gas and Dust in Space
    • 20.1: The Interstellar Medium
    • 20.2: Interstellar Gas
    • 20.3: Cosmic Dust
    • 20.4: Cosmic Rays
    • 20.5: The Life Cycle of Cosmic Material
    • 20.6: Interstellar Matter around the Sun
    • 20: Exercises (21)
    • 20: Quick Lessons (1)
    • 20: Tutorials (2)
    • 20: Test Bank

  • Chapter 21: The Birth of Stars and the Discovery of Planets Outside the Solar System
    • 21.1: Star Formation
    • 21.2: The H–R Diagram and the Study of Stellar Evolution
    • 21.3: Evidence That Planets Form around Other Stars
    • 21.4: Planets beyond the Solar System: Search and Discovery
    • 21.5: Exoplanets Everywhere: What We Are Learning
    • 21.6: New Perspectives on Planet Formation
    • 21: Exercises (14)
    • 21: Quick Lessons (2)
    • 21: Tutorials (3)
    • 21: Test Bank

  • Chapter 22: Stars from Adolescence to Old Age
    • 22.1: Evolution from the Main Sequence to Red Giants
    • 22.2: Star Clusters
    • 22.3: Checking Out the Theory
    • 22.4: Further Evolution of Stars
    • 22.5: The Evolution of More Massive Stars
    • 22: Exercises (18)
    • 22: Quick Lessons (2)
    • 22: Tutorials (2)
    • 22: Test Bank

  • Chapter 23: The Death of Stars
    • 23.1: The Death of Low-Mass Stars
    • 23.2: Evolution of Massive Stars: An Explosive Finish
    • 23.3: Supernova Observations
    • 23.4: Pulsars and the Discovery of Neutron Stars
    • 23.5: The Evolution of Binary Star Systems
    • 23.6: The Mystery of the Gamma-Ray Bursts
    • 23: Exercises (26)
    • 23: Quick Lessons (1)
    • 23: Tutorials (2)
    • 23: Test Bank

  • Chapter 24: Black Holes and Curved Spacetime
    • 24.1: Introducing General Relativity
    • 24.2: Spacetime and Gravity
    • 24.3: Tests of General Relativity
    • 24.4: Time in General Relativity
    • 24.5: Black Holes
    • 24.6: Evidence for Black Holes
    • 24.7: Gravitational Wave Astronomy
    • 24: Exercises (11)
    • 24: Quick Lessons (1)
    • 24: Tutorials (1)
    • 24: Test Bank

  • Chapter 25: The Milky Way Galaxy
    • 25.1: The Architecture of the Galaxy
    • 25.2: Spiral Structure
    • 25.3: The Mass of the Galaxy
    • 25.4: The Center of the Galaxy
    • 25.5: Stellar Populations in the Galaxy
    • 25.6: The Formation of the Galaxy
    • 25: Exercises (14)
    • 25: Quick Lessons (1)
    • 25: Tutorials (1)
    • 25: Test Bank

  • Chapter 26: Galaxies
    • 26.1: The Discovery of Galaxies
    • 26.2: Types of Galaxies
    • 26.3: Properties of Galaxies
    • 26.4: The Extragalactic Distance Scale
    • 26.5: The Expanding Universe
    • 26: Exercises (15)
    • 26: Quick Lessons (1)
    • 26: Tutorials (2)
    • 26: Test Bank

  • Chapter 27: Active Galaxies, Quasars, and Supermassive Black Holes
    • 27.1: Quasars
    • 27.2: Supermassive Black Holes: What Quasars Really Are
    • 27.3: Quasars as Probes of Evolution in the Universe
    • 27: Exercises (15)
    • 27: Quick Lessons
    • 27: Tutorials
    • 27: Test Bank

  • Chapter 28: The Evolution and Distribution of Galaxies
    • 28.1: Observations of Distant Galaxies
    • 28.2: Galaxy Mergers and Active Galactic Nuclei
    • 28.3: The Distribution of Galaxies in Space
    • 28.4: The Challenge of Dark Matter
    • 28.5: The Formation and Evolution of Galaxies and Structure in the Universe
    • 28: Exercises (12)
    • 28: Quick Lessons (2)
    • 28: Tutorials
    • 28: Test Bank

  • Chapter 29: The Big Bang
    • 29.1: The Age of the Universe
    • 29.2: A Model of the Universe
    • 29.3: The Beginning of the Universe
    • 29.4: The Cosmic Microwave Background
    • 29.5: What Is the Universe Really Made Of?
    • 29.6: The Inflationary Universe
    • 29.7: The Anthropic Principle
    • 29: Exercises (14)
    • 29: Quick Lessons
    • 29: Tutorials (1)
    • 29: Test Bank

  • Chapter 30: Life in the Universe
    • 30.1: The Cosmic Context for Life
    • 30.2: Astrobiology
    • 30.3: Searching for Life beyond Earth
    • 30.4: The Search for Extraterrestrial Intelligence
    • 30: Exercises (15)
    • 30: Quick Lessons (1)
    • 30: Tutorials (2)
    • 30: Test Bank

  • Chapter C: Appendix C: Scientific Notation
    • C: Exercises (6)

  • Chapter VAL: Virtual Astronomy Labs
    • Lab 1: Measurement and Unit Conversion (3)
    • Lab 2: Light and Matter (4)
    • Lab 3: The Doppler Effect (2)
    • Lab 4: The Solar Wind and Cosmic Rays (3)
    • Lab 5: Planetary Geology (3)
    • Lab 6: Tides and Tidal Forces (2)
    • Lab 7: Planetary Atmospheres (2)
    • Lab 8: Extrasolar Planets (3)
    • Lab 9: Kepler's Laws (3)
    • Lab 10: Helioseismology (2)
    • Lab 11: Stars, Star Clusters, and the HR Diagram (2)
    • Lab 12: Binary Stars (3)
    • Lab 13: White Dwarfs and Stellar Explosions (3)
    • Lab 14: Neutron Stars and Pulsars
    • Lab 15: Asteroids and Kuiper Belt Objects
    • Lab 16: The Hubble Law (3)
    • Lab 17: The Fate of the Universe (1)


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Chapter C: Appendix C: Scientific Notation
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Chapter 1: Science and the Universe: A Brief Tour
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Chapter 2: Observing the Sky: The Birth of Astronomy
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Chapter 3: Orbits and Gravity
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Chapter 4: Earth, Moon, and Sky
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Chapter 5: Radiation and Spectra
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Chapter 6: Astronomical Instruments
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Chapter 7: Other Worlds: An Introduction to the Solar System
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Chapter 8: Earth as a Planet
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Chapter 9: Cratered Worlds
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Chapter 10: Earthlike Planets: Venus and Mars
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Chapter 11: The Giant Planets
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Chapter 12: Rings, Moons, and Pluto
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Chapter 13: Comets and Asteroids: Debris of the Solar System
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Chapter 14: Cosmic Samples and the Origin of the Solar System
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Chapter 15: The Sun: A Garden-Variety Star
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Chapter 16: The Sun: A Nuclear Powerhouse
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Chapter 17: Analyzing Starlight
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Chapter 18: The Stars: A Celestial Census
18.E 26 001 002 003 004 005 006 007 008 009 010 011 013 014 015 016 017 018 019 020 021 022 023 024 025 026 027 028 029 030 031 032 033 034 035 036 037 038 039 040 041 042 043 044 045 046 047 048 049 050 051
18.TB 001 002 003 004 005 006 007 008 009 010 011 012 013 014 015 016 017 018 019 020 021 022 023 024 025 026 027 028 029
18.Tut 1 001
Chapter 19: Celestial Distances
19.E 20 001 002 003 004 005 006 007 008 009 010 011 012 013 014 015 016 017 018 019 020 021 022 023 024 025 026 027 028 029 030 032 033 034 035 036 037 038 039 040 041
19.EQL 1 001
19.TB 001 002 003 004 005 006 007 008 009 010 011 012 013 014 015 016 017 018 019 020 021 022 023 024 025 026 027 028 029 030 031
19.Tut 2 001 002
Chapter 20: Between the Stars: Gas and Dust in Space
20.E 21 001 002 003 004 005 006 007 008 009 010 011 012 013 014 015 016 017 018 019 020 021 022 023 024 025 026 027 028 029 030 031 032 033 034 035 036 037 038 039 040
20.EQL 1 001
20.TB 001 002 003 004 005 006 007 008 009 010 011 012 013 014 015 016 017 018 019 020 021 022 023 024 025 026 027 028 029 030 031 032 033 034 035 036 037 038
20.Tut 2 001 002
Chapter 21: The Birth of Stars and the Discovery of Planets Outside the Solar System
21.E 14 001 002 003 004 005 006 007 008 009 010 011 012 013 014 015 016 017 018 019 020 021 022 023 024 025 026 027
21.EQL 2 001 002
21.TB 001 002 003 004 005 006 007 008 009 010 011 012 013 014 015 016 017 018 019 020 021 022 023 024 025 026 027 028 029 030 031 032 033 034 035
21.Tut 3 001 002 003
Chapter 22: Stars from Adolescence to Old Age
22.E 18 001 002 003 004 005 006 007 008 009 010 011 012 013 014 015 016 017 018 019 020 021 022 023 024 025 026 027 028 029 030 031 032 033 034 035 036 037
22.EQL 2 001 002
22.TB 001 002 003 004 005 006 007 008 009 010 011 012 013 014 015 016 017 018 019 020 021 022 023 024 025 026 027 028 029 030 031 032 033 034 035
22.Tut 2 001 002
Chapter 23: The Death of Stars
23.E 26 001 002 003 004 005 006 007 008 009 010 011 012 013 014 015 016 017 018 019 020 021 022 023 024 025 026 027 028 029 030 031 032 033 034 035 036 037 038 039 040 041 042 043 044 045 046 047 048 049 050 051 052 053
23.EQL 1 001
23.TB 001 002 003 004 005 006 007 008 009 010 011 012 013 014 015 016 017 018 019 020 021 022 023 024 025 026 027 028 029 030 031 032 033 034 035 036 037 038 039 040 041 042 043 044 045 046 047 048 049
23.Tut 2 001 002
Chapter 24: Black Holes and Curved Spacetime
24.E 11 001 002 003 004 005 006 007 008 009 010 011 012 013 014 015 016 017 018 019 020 021 022 023
24.EQL 1 001
24.TB 001 002 003 004 005 006 007 008 009 010 011 012 013 014 015 016 017 018 019 020 021 022 023 024 025 026 027 028 029 030 031 032 033
24.Tut 1 001
Chapter 25: The Milky Way Galaxy
25.E 14 001 002 003 004 005 006 007 008 009 010 011 012 013 014 015 016 017 018 019 020 021 022 023 024 025 026 027
25.EQL 1 001
25.TB 001 002 003 004 005 006 007 008 009 010 011 012 013 014 015 016 017 018 019 020 021 022 023 024 025 026 027 028 029 030 031
25.Tut 1 001
Chapter 26: Galaxies
26.E 15 001 002 003 004 005 006 007 008 009 010 011 012 013 014 015 016 017 018 019 020 021 022 023 024 025 026 027 028 029 030 031
26.EQL 1 001
26.TB 001 002 003 004 005 006 007 008 009 010 011 012 013 014 015 016 017 018 019 020 021 022 023 024 025 026 027 028 029 030 031 032 033
26.Tut 2 001 002
Chapter 27: Active Galaxies, Quasars, and Supermassive Black Holes
27.E 15 001 002 003 004 005 006 007 008 009 010 011 012 013 014 015 016 017 018 019 020 021 022 023 024 025 026 027 028 029
27.TB 001 002 003 004 005 006 007 008 009 010 011 012 013 014 015 016 017 018 019 020 021 022 023 024 025 026 027
Chapter 28: The Evolution and Distribution of Galaxies
28.E 12 001 002 003 004 005 006 007 008 009 010 011 012 013 014 015 016 017 018 019 020 021 022 023 024 025 026
28.EQL 2 001 002
28.TB 001 002 003 004 005 006 007 008 009 010 011 012 013 014 015 016 017 018 019 020 021 022 023 024 025 026 027 028 029 030 031 032 033 034 035
Chapter 29: The Big Bang
29.E 14 001 002 003 004 005 006 007 008 009 010 011 013 014 015 016 017 018 019 020 021 022 023 024 025 026 027 028 029 030
29.TB 001 002 003 004 005 006 007 008 009 010 011 012 013 014 015 016 017 018 019 020 021 022 023 024 025 026 027 028 029 030 031 032 033 034 035 036 037 038 039
29.Tut 1 001
Chapter 30: Life in the Universe
30.E 15 001 002 003 004 005 006 007 008 009 010 011 012 013 014 015 016 017 018 019 020 021 022 023 024 025 026 027 028 029 030 031
30.EQL 1 001
30.TB 001 002 003 004 005 006 007 008 009 010 011 012 013 014 015 016 017 018 019 020 021 022 023 024 025 026 027 028 029 030 031 032 033 034 035 036
30.Tut 2 001 002
Total 679 (1548)